Heat Emergency Guidelines



Please observe the following guidelines during a heat emergency: 
  • Slow down and avoid strenuous activity 
  • Avoid too much sunshine 
  • Seek cooler areas for outdoor recreation, and take necessary precautions to avoid overheating during exercise
  • Keep heat outside and cool air inside 
  • Conserve electricity not needed to keep you cool 
  • Dress appropriately (wear loose-fitting, lightweight clothing and wear a wide brimmed hat) 
  • Drink plenty of fluids even if you do not feel thirsty 
  • Take frequent breaks if you must work outdoors 
  • Avoid drinks with alcohol or caffeine in them 
  • Eat small meals and eat more often 
  • NEVER leave children or pets alone in closed vehicles. 

Signs Of Heat Emergencies 

Watch for the following signs of heat exhaustion and heat stroke: 

Heat Exhaustion
Cool, moist, pale or flushed skin; heavy seating; headache; nausea or vomiting; dizziness and exhaustion. Body temperature will be near normal.

Heat Stroke
Hot, red skin; changes in consciousness; rapid, weak pulse and rapid shallow breathing. Body temperature can be very high – as high as 40 C (105 F)

Treatment Of Heat Emergencies 

Heat Cramps
Move the person to a cooler place and have him/her rest in a comfortable position. Lightly stretch the affected muscle and replenish fluids. Give a half glass of cool water every 15 minutes. DO NOT give liquids with alcohol or caffeine in them as they can make conditions worse. If conditions worsen call 911.

Heat Exhaustion
Move the person to a cooler place. Remove or loosen tight clothing and apply cool, wet cloths. If the person is conscious, give cool water to drink, a half glass every 15 minutes. Ensure that the person drinks slowly. DO NOT give liquids that contain alcohol or caffeine. Let the victim rest in a comfortable position and watch for changes in his/her condition. If conditions worsen call 911.