The Lebanon Fire and Emergency Management Department would like Lebanon residents to be aware of the following information related to the potential effects of extreme temperatures. There are a number of risks associated with exposure to heat. Please see the below information and, as always, if you have questions please contact the Lebanon Fire Department at 603-448-8810.
Heat Index and Associated Health Risks
The heat index is defined by the National Weather Service as a measure of how hot it really feels when relative humidity
is factored with the actual air temperature (see chart below).
As the heat index rises, so do the health risks. This is especially true in the following vulnerable populations:
- Infants and small children under age 3
- Pregnant women
- Adults age 65 or older
- Individuals with drug or alcohol addictions
- People working under extreme conditions
- People with medical conditions (e.g. heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure)
Health Risks and Information
Heat Exhaustion – occurs when the body is dehydrated
Heat Stroke – occurs when the body cannot perspire and the body overheats.
- Symptoms – headache, nausea, dizziness, cool and clammy skin, cramps, weakness, profuse sweating.
- First Aid – move to cooler area, drink water
- Without intervention – can lead to more serious health risks
- Symptoms – headache, nausea, flushed face, hot and dry skin, no sweating, body temperature over 101°F, chills, rapid pulse.
- First Aid – move indoors, wrap with cool, wet sheet and get person to medical treatment immediately.
- Without intervention – can lead to confusion – coma and death!
City Operations Plans for Heat Related Emergencies
The City of Lebanon Emergency Management Director or designee may activate the City’s Heat Emergency Annex to the City’s Emergency Operations Plan. The following is a list of actions we will consider depending on the severity of the emergency.
- Contact local cooling shelters to determine readiness of facilities. Notifications of shelter locations will be distributed via LebAlert, the City’s website, and local media outlets.
- Distribute bottled water to cooling shelters.
- Consider free admission to the Lebanon Municipal Pool for residents.